Your landscape endures some tough climate extremes in the central Texas hill country. We’ve made it easy for you to keep your yard in tip-top shape every month of the year.

January - February

January – February is a good time to plant new shrubs and trees. Dormant grass and trees still need moisture. Be sure to lightly water your yard every week in the absence of rain. Use blankets and sheets to cover frost sensitive plants, when temps are expected to drop near or below freezing. Remember, wind chill can be a factor as well. Broccoli and cauliflower may be planted.

February - March

February – March is time to prune trees and bushes, with the exception of maples and birches. Aim to leave between 2 – 8 inches from the base of the trunk. Winter weeds are also easy to spot and effectively eliminated through manual pulling from the roots. As trees begin to bud, it’s safe to assume the last frost is over. This is a good time to apply an organic fertilizer to your lawn and plant your nightshade vegetables, annuals, herbs and beans. Dried organic beans from the grocery store are simple to plant and easily germinate. Also consider cleaning out that bird bath.


April is a good time to replace last season’s mulch to prevent insect infestations and fungal disease. Start cutting warm-season turf such as Bermuda, St. Augustine and Centipede once a week by setting the blade height to remove only the top third of the grass blades to prevent scalping. Plant your corn, cucumber and squash. Again, organic corn kernels from the grocery store easily germinate in soil.


May means it’s time to fertilize your grass. Hybrid Bermuda and Zoysia types like high nitrogen fertilizers, whereas Centipede needs little to no fertilizer. Prune back damaged limbs to live wood, and finish planting your summer annuals .


June usually brings hotter temperatures, an indication that frequent watering is necessary. Water at dawn or dusk to cut back on evaporation, and pay attention to dry hanging baskets. Apply extra pine straw or mulch around newly planted trees and shrubs to reduce water loss and heat stress to the new roots. Check out the LCRA’s Water My Yard® program online for a customized watering schedule.


July can be a dry and hot in Central Texas. Raising the cutting height of your lawnmower one inch will help grass survive the drought and heat. Relocate your birdbath to a shaded area.


August is a good time to replant those nightshade vegetables that were harvested earlier in the summer. Kale, lettuce, spinach, beets, carrots and peas are all fall-friendly, too. Avoid mowing dry grass, as this will stress and further dry out the turf.

September – October

September – October means cooler temperatures, which allows for newly planted trees and shrubs to grow strong roots prior to winter. Remove spent summer annuals. Tilling planters with an application of fertilizer and organic matter will give your cool weather landscaping the needed nutrients to thrive through the cooler months.

November - December

November – December signals the changing of the seasons. Harvest your vegetables prior to the first frost. Make a compost pile out of your raked leaves and yard debris by making a pile in the corner of your backyard. Mix green and dry materials with a shovel full of soil and sprinkle with water weekly. Come spring, your pile will transform into fertile compost. Don’t forget to fertilize your cool season grasses.